MANGILIK EL ALYPTARY. TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH OF ROSA BAGLANOVA

On the first day of the new 2022, the 100th anniversary of the birth of the legendary Kazakh opera and pop singer Rosa Baglanova was celebrated. The holder of the titles of People's Artist of the USSR, People's Artist of the Republic of Kazakhstan, People's Hero of Kazakhstan, Rosa Tazhibaevna, has become a national symbol of an entire era.

R. Baglanova was born on January 1, 1922, in the city of Kazalinsk, Kyzylorda region. In her autobiographical book "Ainalaiyn halqymnan erkeletken", the singer wrote that her father knew English, French, German, Farsi, Arabic, Uzbek, Kazakh, and Russian languages perfectly. During the October Revolution, he served in the Emirate of Bukhara, was a high-ranking officer, had two wives. 

"Kundei-azhe taught me to sing. Then there was no radio in the villages. So my grandmother used to embroider syrmaks and blankets for long evenings and at the same time she sang, and I sang along with her," wrote Rosa Tazhibaevna.
Roza's talent manifested itself very early - from the age of four, she was already singing folk songs and dancing.
However, like many Kazakhstanis in the 1920s and 1930s, their family experienced hunger and deprivation. Grandmother Kundey's father was a wealthy man. In 1932-1933, her rich dowry saved the family of R. Baglanova. Dishes, trays, spoons, belts and bracelets made of pure silver were exchanged for bread.
After graduating from school in 1939, R. Baglanova entered the Kyzyl-Orda Pedagogical Institute. However, after her father's death, she had to transfer to the correspondence department of the Tashkent Textile Institute. In Tashkent, the soloist of the Tashkent Opera Theater and director of the Philharmonic M.Kari-Yakubov accidentally heard her singing. So the musician invited the girl to audition. She started working in the State Women's Song and Dance Ensemble of the Uzbek SSR of the Uzbek Philharmonic.

In the summer of 1941, she was sent to the Moscow Conservatory, but the war began and she went to the front with the ensemble. As part of the artists' brigade, she performed for the soldiers of the Red Army right on the frontlines. Her front concerts were a great success, she sang songs and couplets from Lidia Ruslanova's repertoire, including the song "Ah, Samara-Gorodok". Ruslanova was delighted with the performance and gave the beginning Kazakh singer this song, which became her "visiting card".

According to the singer's memoirs, she was at the front from August 17, 1941, until the victory. I was on all fronts, and only 70 kilometres did not reach Berlin. She celebrated the victory in Moscow. On May 9, 1945, she took part in the victory concert in Berlin.
After the war, R. Baglanova returned to the big stage, becoming one of the most famous singers in the Soviet Union. She became the first Kazakh singer to gain broad and nationwide recognition in the USSR.
From 1947 to 1949, she worked at the Kazakh State Academic Theater of Opera and Ballet named after Abai, from 1949 to 1960 - at the Republican Philharmonic named after Dzhambul.

In 1949, R. Baglanova starred in the Soviet-Hungarian documentary "The Youth of the World". In 1960, she became the leading master of the Kazakh State Concert Association "Kazakhconcert" stage.
On April 12, 1961, during Yuri Gagarin's flight around the Earth, the Vesna shortwave radio station in Alma-Ata, which communicated with the Vostok-1 spacecraft, broadcast R. Baglanova's songs for 10 minutes.
Roza Baglanova performed on the same stage with A. Vertinsky, G. Ulanova, M. Plisetskaya, I. Ilyinsky, A. Raikin, the great S. Richter and D. Shafran. In addition, she knew personally many world political leaders: I. Stalin, N. Khrushchev, L. Brezhnev, Kim Il Sung, Mao Zedong. She twice visited Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi. She made an outstanding contribution to the development and popularization of Kazakh folk music and the work of composers of Kazakhstan. The cultural workers of the Soviet Union called her "little Kazakh".
In 2007, her autobiographical book "Ainalaiyn halqymnan erkeletken" was published by Atamura Publishing House. The reader can find this publication in the book collections of the Elbasy Library.
At the age of 89, on February 8, 2011, in Almaty, Rosa Tazhibaevna died after a heart attack. A day earlier, on February 7, she was awarded by the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev presidential scholarship of the Foundation for Support of Culture, Education and Social Programs.
Elbasy sent condolences to the family of the deceased singer. "Rosa Tazhibaevna has earned particular respect and love due to her outstanding talent and excellent performing skills. The songs of the peoples of the world in her performance delighted the listeners. Rosa Baglanova performed on the front line during the Great Patriotic War, inspiring soldiers to feats. The rich heritage and bright image of Rosa Baglanova will forever remain in the memory of the people," was written in the telegram.
The singer's name is included in the first issue of the Anglo-American encyclopedia "Who`s Who" about women of the world. The Kazakhfilm Studio named after Sh.Aimanova made a documentary about the singer "Our Rose", which tells about the tremendous creative path of the artist. In 2011, a documentary about the artist "Ah, Samara-Gorodok" was released.

R.Baglanova was awarded the Orders of Lenin, the Red Banner of Labor, Friendship of Peoples, Otan, medals "For Military Merit" (in 1943 was presented in Kiev by Marshal I.S.Konev), "For Labor Valor", "For Victory over Germany in Great Patriotic War 1941-1945. " (in 1945 he was awarded in Warsaw by Marshal K. K. Rokossovsky), "For the development of virgin lands", as well as the title of People's Artist of Kyrgyzstan.
R.Baglanova was a diploma winner of the II All-Union Competition of pop artists in Moscow (1946), laureate of the II International Festival of Youth and Students in Budapest (special prize for the performance of folk songs, 1946), the International Prize "Daneker" (2000), the Independent National Award "Tarlan" ("For contribution" in the section "Music", 2004), the Annual Public National Award "Altyn Zhurek" (in the nomination "Art and Mercy", 2007), Honorary President of the World Society of Muslim Women, honorary citizen of several cities and the Kyzylorda region.
On August 17, 2021, on behalf of the President of Kazakhstan, K.K. Tokayev, the Kazakhconcert, was named after Rosa Baglanova.