«HISTORY OF COUNTRY IN EXHIBITS, BOOKS AND ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS OF THE LIBRARY ELBASSY»: COLLECTION OF DECORATIVE VASES

Information project «History of country in exhibits, books and archive documents of the Library Elbassy» continues to acquaint the readers with the exhibits of the Library’s fund.

The fund of the museum of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbassy has the collection of decorative vases. There are about two hundred stock units. Today it is one of numerous collections.

Many of them are decorative vases of the world-famous Turkish porcelain plants, such as Kutakhya, Yildyz, Iznik, the vases made of the Chinese and Japanese porcelain and also the vases made in countries of Central Asia, the Middle East states and Southeast Asia.

Vases are used from ancient times. Once they were used for decoration palace halls. They were also used as cult objects, later they became decorative elements of an interior of rooms and an exterior of buildings. Vases decorated dwellings of Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, emperors of Ancient Rome.

Decorative vases allow to get acquainted with esthetic, religious and moral ideals of various people, to learn about the most difficult technicians used by the masters in their works. The vases are made of various materials such as wood, stone, porcelain or crystal. In all vases everywhere is imprinted historically developed communication of generations.

At the exposition of the Library is presented the decorative vase "Flying dragon and dancing phoenix" from the Vice President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping. It was gifted to the President of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev during his official visit to China in June 2012.

It has a traditional form and blue colour. The neck has two gold figured handles. On two parts of the body are round gold metal sockets with the image of dragon and phoenix.

In the Chinese mythology and culture the Chinese dragon is Yang symbol and the Chinese nation in general. Unlike the European dragon, the Chinese one is a symbol of the good beginning. In honour of a dragon is celebrated the annual Dragon Boat Festival.

Dragon as emperor of animals is a symbol of the imperial power. According to the Chinese myth, the Yellow emperor at the end of his life turned in the dragon and soared up into heaven. The real emperor has to have a birthmark in the form of the dragon. The imperial throne of many dynasties was called a dragon throne. At the time of the Qin dynasty the Chinese dragon decorated the state flag. A commoner couldn’t wear clothes with dragon figures, because he was liable to death penalty for it.

In China, mythical Phoenix was a symbol of the imperial house; in particular it belonged to the empress. This bird represents fire, sun, justice, obedience, fidelity and the southern constellations.

The phoenix personifies a symbol of peace (when it appears) and also a symbol of disharmony and destruction (when it disappears). In China, on early artifacts Phoenix is represented as a female image near a dragon (man) - two figures of deadly enemies or happy lovers. When they together, they symbolize the conflict and happiness at the same time. Nowadays such images are presented at many parts of Asia.

Decorative vase made of glass was gifted to the Head of state N. Nazarbayev by the President of Turkey Abdullah Gül during his official visit to Kazakhstan in May 2010.

On the surface of the body is the symmetric inscription "For the sake of Allah" in the form of a bird surrounded by gilded flowers. This inscription is the example of art writing which is often used in the Islamic calligraphy. Meanwhile, the vegetable patterns on the surface of the vase are the example of the Turkish art of illumination. In technology of painting are used enamel and gilded paint.

"Gift Besmele" vase is one of outstanding art works of Camda Sanatli Yazi collection. There were made a limited quantity of 1000 copies. This copy is number 843 from this special series.

The Turks were interested in the calligraphy when they settled down in Anatoly and the blossoming of this art form was in the Ottoman Empire period.

These and other exhibits are presented at the expositions of the Library Elbassy.