COMMENTS OF A.ZH. SHOMANOV, ADVISOR TO THE DIRECTOR OF THE LIBRARY OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN – ELBASY IN SUPPORT OF THE POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC REFORMS INITIATED BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN K.K. TOKAYEV

The amendments and additions to the Constitution of Kazakhstan adopted on June 5, 2022 at the republican referendum laid the legal foundations for its further political modernization.
Together with the amendments to the Basic Law of the country, the laws adopted in their development will become a tangible incentive for the release of civic activity of our citizens.
In this regard, it seems no coincidence that the ongoing political reforms are in one way or another closely linked to the further “maturing” of civil society in our country.
Here we must proceed from the fact that the formation of a full-fledged civil society has been and remains one of the end-to-end algorithms for the development of the political system of Kazakhstan, starting from the beginning of the 1990s, and somewhere from the end of the 1980s.
It seems that the current process of political transformation is able to bring civil society to a new qualitative stage of its development, providing great opportunities for this.
At the same time, the goal-setting moment of such an evolution is seen in the fact that, as in the economy, reforms should work for the development of healthy competition in the so-called "political market of the country".
Parties, social movements and other subjects of civil society, being representatives for the interests of the people, are called upon to really compete with each other for votes. Moreover, this should take place not only during electoral campaigns, but also during the inter-election period.
This is one of the main purposes of a mature civil society in the lives of our citizens and through this in the progressive development of the country as a whole.